Qum is a holy city of Islam Shia , located not far from Tehran, which is an ancient and important city in the central Persian. Qum area is the most famous origin of Persian Silk Carpets.The unique pattern design, delicate weaving,magnificent colors and smooth touch make Qum carpet be one of the best hand-woven carpet in the world. The fine patterns on the Chinese Silk Carpet that we have seen, are often derived from Qum. In addition to silk carpets, Qum's wool carpets are also renowned for their reputation with Isfahan carpet, Nain carpet and Tabriz carpet.
Especially,tree of life design and medallion design are are widely used in hand knotted Qum Rug.
Tree of Life Design The tree is the most commonly used ornament in hand woven Persian Carpets,which appears in many forms to shape a single garden or larger layout. It represents the "life of the tree" and is a symbol of fertility and coherence in the East . Moreover,it also represents the "axis of the world," connecting underground (the magical world) with the surface (the human world) and the sky (the world of the gods).
Medallion pattern is usually located in the center of the carpet, which is protected by the boundary,represents the supernatural world of gods. Among Persian Qum carpets,medallion patterns present in many forms, such as geometric forms, curved forms, circles, or arches, or polygons. Sometimes, there are four corner patterns appears in the Persian Qom carpets. In this case,four minor elements can protect the center of the carpet,which symbolizes the "door of the sun" that is very close to heaven.
In addition,hues of the Qum rugs are similar to most popular colors of Persian rugs, that is to say,red,blue and ivory, as the main color, are usually used in the Persian Qom Rugs. Some Qom Rugs are typically smaller than other types of Persian rugs,so these Qom rugs are often hung on the wall in home decoration.
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